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Competing Kingdoms: Bibliography
January 2005

This bibliography is meant to be comprehensive (but not exhaustive) at least as regards the topic of American women in mission, so please send me citations of any important omissions. The bibliography is currently organized alphabetically only.

Search criteria for WorldCat, JSTOR, and Dissertation Abstracts

1. American women and mission
2. gender or women and empire
Dates: 1980-2004

Exclusions: juvenile, fiction, all media other than books, articles, theses
non-academic publishers and hagiographies
work outside the chronological framework (1812-1938)

Most of the published works relate directly to American women missionaries. Some titles refer to women missionaries of other nationalities, and some titles refer to the topic of women and/or gender and empire. The voluminous literature on the United States and cultural imperialism, most of which deals with the period after 1945, is not currently included. Translations of titles are included only when provided in WorldCat.

Barbara Reeves-Ellington
January 2005

Ahmadjian, Christina Linn. "Protestant Missionary and Chinese Communist Programs for Women's Reform: A Comparison." A.B. thesis, Harvard University, 1981.

Ahn, Katherine Hyunjoo Lee. "Pioneer American Women Missionaries to Korea, 1884-1907." Ph.D., Fuller Theological Seminary, 2004.

An, Yong-no. Memarun ttang e tanbi ka toeo: sup'ia ui omoni Yu Hwa-rye. Seoul: K'umnan Ch'ulp'ansa, 1994.

Armstrong, Elaine Hamby. "Faith of Our Mothers: Formation of Woman's Missionary Societies in the United Brethren and the Methodist Episcopal Churches, North and South, 1870-1920." M.A. thesis, Western Carolina University, 1980.

Barnett, Leecy Anne. "Pioneers, Pedagogues and Preachers: Expanding Opportunities for Women in Presbyterian Missions to the American Indians 1833-1893." M.A. thesis, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1985.

Beaver, R. Pierce. American Protestant Women in World Mission: History of the First Feminist Movement in North America. Grand Rapids, Michigan: W.B. Eerdmans, 1980.

Bendroth, Margaret Lamberts. "The Social Dimensions of 'Woman's Sphere': The Rise of Women's Organizations in Late Nineteenth-Century American Protestantism." Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, 1985.

Birri, Debela. "History of the Evangelical Church Bethel,1919 to 1947." Th.D. diss, Lutheran School of Theology, 1995.

Bottorff, Bruce. "Continuity and Change: A History of the YWCA of Honolulu, 1900-1945." Ph.D. diss., University of Hawaii, 1999.

Bowie, Fiona, Deborah Kirkwood, and Shirley Ardener, eds. Women and Missions: Past and Present: Anthropological and Historical Perceptions. Providence, Rhode Island: Berg, 1993.

Boyd, Nancy. Emissaries: The Overseas Work of the American YWCA, 1895-1970. New York: Woman's Press, 1986.

Brouwer, Ruth Compton. New Women for God: Canadian Presbyterian Women and India Missions, 1876-1914. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

________. "Canadian Presbyterians and Indian Missions, 1877-1914: The Policy and Politics of Women's Work for Women." University of Cambridge North Atlantic Missiology Project Report No. 53, 1998.

Brueckner, Sabine. "Le role de la missionnaire celibataire dans le cadre de l'implantation d'eglises en France." M. Div. thesis, Columbia Biblical Seminary and Graduate School of Missions, 1997.

Brumberg, Joan Jacobs. Mission for Life. New York: The Free Press, 1980.

Brusco, Elizabeth, and Laura F. Klein, eds. The Message in the Missionary: Local Interpretations of Religious Ideology and Missionary Personality. Williamsburg: College of William and Mary, 1994.

Burton, Antoinette. Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1865-1915. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1994.

Carney, Virginia Moore. "A Testament to Tenacity: Cultural Persistence in the Letters and Speeches of Eastern Band Cherokee Women." Ph.D. diss., University of Kentucky, 2000.

Chau, Virginia Chui-tin. "The Anti-Footbinding Movement in China (1850-1912)." M.A. thesis, Columbia University, 1966.

Chaudhuri, Nupur, and Margaret Strobel, eds. Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Chin, Carol C. "Beneficent Imperialists: American Women Missionaries in China at the Turn of the Twentieth Century." Diplomatic History, 27, no. 3 (2003): 327-52.

Chirhart, Ann Short. "Torches of Light: African-American and White Female Teachers in the Georgia Upcountry, 1910-1950." Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 1997.

Ch'oe, Kyong-sun. "Han'guk kyohoe ch'ogi yosong son'gyosa (A study of women's mission history in the early Korean church)." M.A. thesis, Asea Yonhap Sinhak Taehak, 1994.

Clancy-Smith, Julia Ann, and Frances Gouda. Domesticating the Empire: Race, Gender and Family Life in French and Dutch Colonialism. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1998.

Clifton, Amanda Keedy. "Mission Women in the Southeast and on the Southern Plains, 1817-1861." Ph.D. diss., University of Memphis, 1996.

Cobb, Amanda Jane. "Listening to Our Grandmothers' Stories: An Historical Analysis of the Literacy Curricula at Bloomfield Academy/Carter Seminary for Chickasaw Females, Indian Territory/Oklahoma, 1852-1949." Ph.D. diss., University of Oklahoma, 1997.

Cocks, Laurel Anne. "Constraints Encountered in Ministry Activity: Single and Married Women Missionaries." Ph.D. diss., Trinity International University, 1997.

College of William and Mary, Department of Anthropology. Women Missionaries and Cultural Change. Williambsburg: College of William and Mary, 1987.

Conklin, Alice L. A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895-1930. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Conrad, Christa. "Der Dienst der ledigen Frau in deutschen Glaubensmissionen (The Ministry of Single Female Missionaries in German Faith Missions)." M.A. thesis, Columbia Biblical Seminary and Graduate School of Missions, 1994.

Cooper, Frederck, and Ann Laura Stoler. Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Coops, P. Lorraine. "Living by Faith: Maritime Baptist Single Women Missionaries in India, 1880-1930." Ph.D. diss., Queen's University, 1996.

Cowan, Catherine N. "Western Women Doctors in an Eastern Land: The Work of Female Medical Missionaries in India, 1870-1947." M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1998.

Cravens, Mary Caroline. "The New Culture Brokers: Women in the 19th Century Protestant Missions to South Africa, 1799-1914." B.A. Thesis, Princeton University, 1993.

Creden, Monika S. "Monona Cheney: Methodist Missionary in China, 1918-1932." M.A. thesis, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1989.

Dang, Catherine Minhthy-Huy. "From Medical Evangelists to Medical Professionals: The American Protestant Missionaries and the Rise of the First Generations of Women Physicians in China, 1870s-1930s." A.B. Thesis, Harvard University, 1994.

David, Hilda Black. "The African-American Women of Edisto Island, 1850-1920." Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 1990.

Dawson, Deborah Lynn. "'Laboring in My Savior's Vineyard': The Mission of Eliza Hart Spalding." Ph.D diss., Bowling Green State University, 1988.

De Smither, Carol Marie. "From Calling to Career: Work and Professional Identity among American Women Missionaries to China, 1900-1950." Ph.D. diss., University of Oregon, 1987.

DePuy, Tara Alana McClaskie. "Grace McClurg Carson of Lima, Ohio: Missionary in China 1912-1926." M.A. thesis, Bowling Green State University, 1991.

Devens, Carol A. "Separate Confrontations: Indian Women and Christian Missions, 1630-1900." Ph.D. diss., Rutgers University, 1986.

Donovan, Mary Sudman. "Women's Ministries in the Episcopal Church, 1850-1920." Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1985.

Doolittle, Deborah Keith. "The Ambiguous Role of Northern Black Female Missionary Teachers in the American Missionary Association." 1994.

Drury, Clifford Merrill. Marcus and Narcissa Whitman and the Opening of Old Oregon. Seattle: Pacific Northwest National Parks and Forests Association, 1985. Reprint, 1937.

________. Where Wagons Would Go: Narcissa Whitman and Eliza Spalding. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. Reprint, 1963.

Dunch, Ryan. Fuzhou Protestants and the Making of a Modern China, 1857-1927. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Early, Lisa. "'If We Win the Women': The Lives and Work of Female Missionaries at the Methodist Mission in the Solomon Islands, 1902-1942." Ph.D. diss., University of Otago, 1998.

Eder, Elizabeth K. "Constructing Opportunity: American Women Educators in early Meiji Japan." Ph.D. diss., University of Maryland College Park, 2001.

Edgington, Steven Douglas. "Economic and Social Dimensions of Mission Farms on the Mashonaland High Veld, 1890-19302." Ph.D. diss, University of California, Los Angeles, 1996.

Edwards, Lillie Johnson. "Mothers, Wives, and Missionaries: Afro-American Women in Africa, 1885-1940." Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia, SERSAS Conference, 1983.

Efesoa Mokosso, Henry Teddy. "The United Presbyterian Mission Enterprise in Cameroun, 1879-1957." Ph.D. diss., Howard University, 1987.

Engelman, Karen Sue. ": Women's Spirituality in the Process of Modernization." Ed.D. diss., Columbia University Teachers College, 1990.

Feezor, Barbara Yvonne. "Mdewakanton Dakota Women: Active Participants in Mdewakantonwan Cultural Transformationsm 1860-1900." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1994.

Flemming, Leslie A. Women's Work for Women: Missionaries and Social Change in Asia. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1989.

Foote, Cheryl Jean. "'Let Her Works Praise Her': Women's Experiences in the Southwest, 1846-1912." Ph.D. diss., University of New Mexico, 1986.

Frost, M. S. "Unbinding Ties: Female Missionaries and Chinese Women in the Late Qing." Methodist History 41, no. 1 (2002): 329-41.

Gagan, Rosemary Ruth. A Sensitive Independence: Canadian Methodist Women Missionaries in Canada and the Orient, 1881-1925. Montreal: McxGill-Queen's University Press, 1992.

Gaitskell, Deborah Lyndall. "Female Missionary Ventures in South African Anthropology: Dora Earthy, 1918-1933." University of Cambridge North Atlantic Missiology Project, Report No. 92, 1998.

Georgi-Findlay, Brigitte. The Frontiers of Women's Writing: Women's Narratives and the Rhetoric of Westward Expansion. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1996.

Giesling, Linda Joyce. "Gender, Ministry, and Mission: The Lives of James and Isabella Thoburn, Brother and Sister in Methodist Service." Ph.D. diss., Northwestern University, 1996.

Giresunlu, Leman. "American Women's Travels to Turkey at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century." Ph.D. diss., Bowling Green State University, 1998.

Gleeson, Kristin. "Healers Abroad: Presbyterian Women Physicians in the Foreign Mission Field." Ph.D. diss., Temple University, 2000.

Graham, Gael. Gender, Culture, and Christianity: American Protestant Mission Schools in China, 1880-1930. New York: P. Lang, 1995.

Greenfield, Mary Ann. "American Women Missionaries in China, 1918-1927." M.A. thesis, University of Tulsa, 1984.

Greenlee, James G., and Charles Murray Johnston. Good Citizens: British Missionaries and Imperial States, 1870-1918. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999.

Grewal, Inderpal. Home and Harem: Nation, Gender, Empire, and the Cultures of Travel. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.

Grimshaw, Patricia. Paths of Duty: American Missionary Wives in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989.

Gronewold, Sue Ellen. "Encountering Hope: The Door of Hope Mission in Shanghai and Taipei, 1900-1976." Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1996.

Groseil, Yvonne. "'Being in Mission': An Anthropological Analysis of the United Methodist Women." Ph.D. diss., New School for Social Research, 1999.

Gunther, Candy Ann. "'She Seeketh Not Her Own': Women Missionaries and the Cherokees, 1800-1860." A.B. thesis, Harvard University, 1992.

Haas, Waltraud C. Erlitten und Erstritten: Der Befreiungsweb von Frauen in der Basler Mission, 1816-1966. Basel: Basileia Verlag, 1994.

Hardle, Christa. "Die ledige Missionarin: Kriterien, Chancen und Grenzen." M.A. thesis, Seminary and Graduate School of Missions, Korntal, 1997.

Harris, Marjorie Jane. "American Missions, Chinese Realities: An Historical Analysis of the Crocc-Cultural Influences on the Development of North China Union Women's College/Yenching Women's College, 1905-1943." Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina, 1994.

Hendrickson, Kenneth. "Winning the Troops for Vital Religion: Female Evangelical Missionaries to the British Army, 1857-1880." Armed Forces and Society 23, no. 4 (1997): 613-32.

Heuser, Frederick J. "Culture, Feminism, and the Gospel: American Presbyterian Women and Foreign Missions, 1870-1923." Ph.D. diss., Temple University, 1991.

Hill, Patricia. The World Their Household: The American Woman's Foreign Mission Movement and Cultural Transformation, 1870-1920. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1985.

Hlongwane, Lynette Faith. "The Role of Inanda Seminary in the Education of African Girls in South Africa: A Report of Graduates' Views." Ed.D. diss, Columbia University Teachers College, 1998.

Hogan, Anne, and Andrew Bradstock, eds. Women of Faith in Victorian Culture: Reassessing the Angel in the House. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

Holdsworth, May, and Caroline Courtauld. Foreign Devils: Expatriates in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Horton, Wade Alston. "Protestant Missionary Women as Agents of Cultural Transition among Cherokee Women, 1801-1839." Ph.D. diss., Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1992.

Howells, Kendi J. "Answering the Cry of the City: Women in Urban Mission." M. Div. thesis, Emmanuel School of Religion, 1996.

Hoyle, Lyia Huffman. "Missionary Women among the American Indians, 1815-1865." Ph.D. diss., University of North Carolina, 1992.

Huber, Mary Taylor, and Nancy Lutkehaus. Gendered Missions: Women and Men in Missionary Discourse and Practice. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Hunter, Jane. The Gospel of Gentility: American Women Missionaries in Turn-of-the-Century China. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.

Ishii, Noriko Kawamura. American Women Missionaries at Kobe College, 1873-1909: New Dimensions of Gender. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Jacobs, Sylvia M. Black Americans and the Missionary Movement in Africa. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982.

James, Cathy L. "An Opportunity for Service: Women of the Anglican Mission to the Japanese in Canada, 1903-1957." M.A. thesis, University of British Columbia, 1990.

Jeffrey, Julie Roy. Converting the West: A Biography of Narcissa Whitman. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

Johns, Rebecca L. "A Study of Coded Messages in the Personal Narratives of Female Mormon Missionaries." Ph.D. diss., University of Utah, 2001.

Joseph, Gilbert M. "Close Encounters: Toward a New Cultural History of U.S.-Latin Amercan Relations." In Close Encounters of Empire: Writing the Cultural History of U.S.-Latin American Relations, edited by Gilbert M. Joseph, Catherine C. LeGrand and Ricardo D. Salvatore, 3-46. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.

Kaplan, Amy. "Manifest Domesticity." American Literature, 70, no. 3 (1998): 581-606.

Katchadourian, Stina. Great Need over the Water: The Letters of Theresa Huntington Ziegler, Missionary to Turkey, 1898-1905. Ann Arbor: Gomidas Institute, 1999.

Keener, Charle LaMonica. "From Parlor to Pulpit: The Expanding Role of the American Missionary Woman in China." M.A. thesis, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 1993.

Kelly, Kathleen. "Maryknoll in Manchuria, 1927-1947: A Study of Accommodation and Adaptation." Ph.D. diss., University of Southern California, 1982.

Kent, Eliza F. "Gender and Conversion to Christianity in Colonial South India." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1999.

Kidwell, Clara Sue. Choctaws and Missionaries in Mississippi, 1818-1918. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995.

Kilson, Marion. Mary Jane Forbes Greene (1845-1910), Mother of the Japan Mission: An Anthropological Portrait. Lewiston: E. Mellen Press, 1991.

King, Julia. "Lavinia Coombs and the Free Will Baptist Mission in India, 1887-1892." M.A. thesis, Simmons College, 1996.

King, Marjorie. "Missionary Mother and Radical Daughter: Anna and Ida Pruitt in China, 1887-1939." Ph.D. diss., Temple University, 1985.

Kroes, Rob. "American Empire and Cultural Imperialism: A View from the Receiving End." In Rethinking American History in a Global Age, edited by Thomas Bender, 295-313. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Kunz, Calvin S. "A History of Female Missionary Activity in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1898." M.A. thesis, Brigham Young University, 1976.

Kwok, Pui-lan. Chinese Women and Christianity, 1860-1927. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992.

Kwon, Ho Youn, Kwang Chung Kim, and R. Stephen Warner, eds. Korean Americans and Their Religions: Pilgrims and Missionaries from a Different Shore. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.

Lawes, Carolyn J. Women and Reform in a New England Community, 1815-1860. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2000.

Lee, Kyung-Lim Shin. Pear Blossoms Blooming: The History of American Women Missionaries at Ewha Womans University. Seoul: Ewha Womans University Press, 1989.

Leonard, Juanita Evans. "Women and the Church of God (Anderson, Indiana): Mission to the Abaluyia of Western Kenya, 1905-1975." Ph.D. diss., Fuller Theological Seminary, 1998.

Levine, Philippa. Gender and Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Li, Hong. ""Speaking to the Wind": American Presbyterian Missionaries in Ningbo from the 1840s to the 1860s (China)." Ph.D., University of Memphis, 2003.

Liao, Kang. "Pearl Buck: A Cultural Bridge Across the Pacific." Ph.D. diss., West Virginia University, 1995.

Lines, Katherine Elizabeth. "Discipleship of African Tribal Women: Beyond Baptism." M.A, thesis, Emmanuel School of Religion, 1998.

Little, Lawrence S. Disciples of Liberty: The African Methodist Episcopal Church in the Age of Imperialism, 1884-1916. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2000.

Lodwick, Kathleen L. Educating the Women of Hainan: The Career of margaret Moninger in China, 1915-1942. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.
Maneesha, Lal. "Women, Medicine, and Colonialism in British India, 1869-1925." Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1996.

Mani, Lata. Contentious Traditions: The Debate on Sati in Colonial India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Mansoori, Ahman. "American Missionaries in Iran,1834-1934." Ph.D. diss., Ball State University, 1986.

Mapes, Mary Lynne. "Visions of a Christian City: The Politics of Religion and Gender in Chicago's City Missions and Protestant Settlement Houses, 1886-1929." Ph.D. diss., Michigan State University, 1998.

Martin, Patricia Summerlin. "Hidden Work: Baptist Women in Texas, 1880-1920." Ph.D. diss., Rice University, 1982.

Masayuki, Ida, Takeo Kega, and John William Krummel. "Rainichi Mesoristo senkyoshi shiryo shushitsu (The companion to a biographical dictionary of Methodist missionaries to Japan)." Tokyo: Aoyama Gakuin Daigaku Research Institute Christianity and Culture Research Center, Report No. B-5, 1995.

McCarthy, David Bruce. ""Sisters in Zion": The Early Organization of the Southern Presbyterian Woman's Auxiliary as a Case Study in Sociological Models of "Neo-Institutionalism"." Ph.D., Duke University, 2003.

McClintock, Anne, Aamir Mufti, and Ella Shohat, eds. Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and Postcolonial Perspectives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

McCoy, Genevieve Elizabeth. "Sanctifying the Self and Saving the Savage: The Failure of the ABCFM Oregon Mission and the Conflicted Language of Calvinism." Ph.D. diss., University of Washington, 1991.

________. "The Women of the ABCFM Oregon Mission and the Conflicted Language of Calvinism." Church History, 64, no. 1 (1995): 62-82.

McMeley, Mark. "Apostles of Civilization: American Schoolteachers and Missionaries in Argentina, 1869-1884." Ph.D. diss., University of Missouri-Columbia, 2000.

McMeley, Mark Allen. "Apostles of Civilization: American Schoolteachers and Missionaries in Argentina, 1869-1884." Ph.D. diss., University of Missouri - Columbia, 2000.

Menton, Linda Kristeen. "'Everything that is Lovely and of Good Report': The Hawaiian Chiefs' Children's School, 1839-1850." Ph.D. diss., University of Hawaii, 1982.

Merguerian, Barbara J. "Mt. Holyoke Seminary in Bitlis: Providing an American Education for Armenian Women." Armenian Review, 43, no. 1 (1990): 31-65.

Midgley, Clare. "Gender and Imperialism: Mapping the Connections." In Gender and Imperialism, edited by Clare Midgley, pp. 1-20. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998.

________. Gender and Imperialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998.

Miller, Char. "Domesticity Abroad: Work and Family in the Sandwich Island Mission, 1820-1840." In Missions and Missionaries in the Pacific, pp. 65-90. New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1985.

Moffitt, Louisa Bond. "American Missionary, Cultural Ambassador, and Reluctant Feminist in Egypt, 1872-1932." Ph.D., Georgia State University, 2003.

Moran, Mary Helen. "'Civilized' Women: Gender and Prestige among the Glebo of Cape Palmas, Liberia." Ph.D. diss., Brown University, 1985.

Muller, Virginia Anne. "Nancy Cochran: A Missionary-Educator in Early Twentieth-Century China." A.B. thesis, Harvard-Radcliffe College, 1978.

Nash, Robert Norman, Jr. "The Influence of American Myth on Southern Ba;ptist Foreign Missions, 1845-1945." Ph.D. diss., Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1989.

Newcomer, Kristine L. "By the Grace of God: Women Missionaries in Indian Territory, 1830-1861." M.A. thesis, Oklahoma State University, 1988.

Nightingale, John Crawford. "The Missionary as Observer: Grace M. Boynton in China, 1919-1950." A.B. thesis, Harvard University, 1980.

Nyajeka, Tumani S. Mutasa. "A Meeting of Two Female Worlds: American Women Missionaries and Shona Women at Old Mutare, and the Founding of Rukwadzano." Ph.D. diss., Northwestern University, 1996.

O'Connor, Daniel. Three Centuries of Mission: The United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 1701-2000. London: Continuum, 2000.

Okkenhaug, Inger Marie. The Quality of Heroic Living, of High Endeavour and Adventure: Anglican Mission, Women, and Education in Palestine, 1888-1948. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Oliver, Caroline. Western Women in Colonial Africa. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Pascoe, Peggy. Relations of Rescue: The Search for Female Moral Authority in the American West, 1874-1939. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Pearson, Jestle Diane. "The Politics of Disease: Imperial Medicine and the American Indian,1797-1871." Ph.D. diss., The University of Arizona, 2001.

Pepalis, Jeanne Anne. "An Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Investigation of the Wailuku Female Seminary: Cultural Contact and Change." M.A. thesis, Northern Illinois University, 2001.

Pierson, Ruth Roach, Nupur Chaudhur, and Beth McAuley, eds. Nation, Empire, Colony: Historicizing Gender and Race. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Ponto, M. Cassandra. "The Search for Grace in China." M.S., Southern Oregon State College, 1993.

Porterfield, Amanda. Mary Lyon and the Mount Holyoke Missionaries. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Prang, Margaret. A Heart at Leisure from Itself: Caroline MacDonald of Japan. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1995.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992.

Pruitt, Lisa Joy. "'A Looking-Glass for Ladies': American Protestant Women and the Orient in the Nineteenth Century." Ph.D. diss., Vanderbilt University, 1998.

Qi, Xiaoxin. "A Matter of Cultural Discourse: Religion, Nation, Gender." Ph.D. diss., University of Minnesota, 1997.

Ram, Kalpana, and Margaret Jolly. Maternities and Modernities: Colonial and Postcolonial Experiences in Asia and the Pacific. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Rauser, Cheri Isabell. "Clean Hearts and Clean Homes: The Work of Methodist Women Missionaries among Ukrainian Immigrants in East-Central Alberta, 1904-1925." M.A. thesis, Carleton University, 1993.

Ravenscroft, Amy. "Contributions of American Protestant Women Missionaries to Christianity in Japan." M.A. thesis, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1982.

Reeves-Ellington, Barbara. "'That our Daughters May Be as Corner Stones': American Missionaries, Bulgarian Nationalists and the Politics of Gender, 1832-1872." Ph.D. diss., State University of New York at Binghamton, 2002.

Reeves-Ellington, Barbara. "A Vision of Mount Holyoke in the Ottoman Balkans: American Cultural Transfer, Bulgarian Nation-Building and Women's Educational Reform, 1958-1870." Gender & History, 16, no. 1 (2004): 146-171.

Reilly, Wayne E. Sarah Jane Foster, Teacher of the Freedmen: A Diary and Letters. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1990.

Riess, Jana Kathryn. "Heathen in our Fair Land: Anti-polygamy and Protestant Women's Missions to Utah, 1869-1910." Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 2000.

Robert, Dana Lee. American Women in Mission: A Social History of Their Thought and Practice. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1996.

________. Gospel Bearers, Gender Barriers: Missionary Women in the Twentieth Century. Maryknoll, N.Y: Orbis Books, 2002.

Rosenberg, Carroll Smith. Religion and the Rise of the American City: The New York City Mission Movement, 1812-1870. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1971.

Rostam-Kolayi, Jasamin Karin. "The Women's Press, Modern Education, and the State in EarlyTwentieth-Century Iran, 1900-1930s." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 2000.

Rowbotham, Judith. "'This is No Romantic Story': Reporting the Work of British Female Missionaries, c. 1850-1910." University of Cambridge North Atlantic Missiology Project Report No. 4, 1996.

Rowbotham, Judith. "'Hear an Indian Sister's Plea': Reporting the Work of 19th-century British Female Missionaries." Women's Studies International Forum, 21, no. 3 (1998): 247-62.

________. "`Soldiers of Christ'? Images of Female Missionaries in Late Nineteenth-Century Britain: Issues of Heroism and Martyrdom." Gender & History, 12, no. 1 (2000): 82-106.

Russell, Beryl Joyce. "A Biographical Study of the Life and Work of Elizabeth Garland Hall." M.A. thesis, Baptist Theological Seminary, 1996.

Rutherdale, Myra. Women and the White Man's God: Gender and Race in the Canadian Mission Field. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002.

Ryan, Mary P. The Empire of the Mother: American Writing about Domesticity 1830-1860. New York: Haworth Press, 1982.

Salvatore, Ricardo D. "The Enterprise of Knowledge: Representational Machines of Informal Empire." In Close Encounters of Empire: Writing the Cultural History of U.S.-Latin American Relations, edited by Gilbert M. Joseph, Catherine C. LeGrand and Ricardo D. Salvatore, pp. 69-104. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.

Sarja, Karin. "'Annu en syster till Afrika': Trettiosex kvinnliga missionarer i Natal och Zululand 1876-1902 ("Yet another sister for Africa" : Thirty-six female missionaries in Natal and Zululand 1876-1902)." Ph.D. diss., Uppsala University, 2002.

Scales, T. Laine. All that Fits a Woman: Training Southern Baptist Women for Charity and Mission, 1907-1926. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 2000.

Schrems, Suzanne H. "God's Women: Sisters of Charity of Providence and Ursuline Nuns in Montana, 1864-1900." Ph.D. diss., University of Oklahoma, 1992.

Scott, Joan W. "Gender: A Useful Category of Analysis." In Gender and the Politics of History, pp. 28-50. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

Semple, Rhonda Anne. "Women, Gender and Changing Roles in the Missionary Project: The London Missionary Society and the China Inland Mission." London: University of Cambridge North Atlantic Missiology Project, 1997.

________. "Representation and Experience: The Role of Women in British Missions and Society, 1860-1910." University of Cambridge North Atlantic Missiology Project Seminar, 1998.

Shemo, Connie Anne. "'An Army of Women': The Medical Ministries of Kang Cheng and Shi Meiyu, 1873--1937 (China)." Ph.D. diss., State University of New York at Binghamton, 2002.

Shulman, Deborah. "From the Pages of Three Ladies: Canadian Women Missionaries in Republican China." M.A. thesis, Concordia University, 1996.

Singh, Maina Chawla. Gender, Religion, and "Heathen Lands": American Missionary Women in South Asia, 1860s-1940s. New York: Garland, 2000.

Sinha, Mrinalini. "Reading Mother India: Empire, Nation, and the Female Voice." Journal of Women's History, 6, no. 2 (1994): 6-44.

Sklar, Kathryn Kish. Catharine Beecher: A Study in American Domesticity. New York: W.W. Norton, 1971.

________. "The Founding of Mount Holyoke College." In Women of America: A History, edited by Carol Ruth Berkin and Mary Beth Norton, pp. 177-201. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979.

________. "The Last Fifteen Years: Historians' Changing Views of American Women in Religion and Society." In Women in New Worlds, edited by Hilah F. Thomas and Rosemary Skinner Keller Keller, pp. 48-68. Nashville: Abingdon, 1981.

Soderlund, Margit Anita. "Women Missionaries in the Swedish Pentecostal Mission in Burundi." M.A. thesis, Fuller Theological Seminary, 1990.

Song, Zhuoying. "A Study of Three Women Missionaries of the United Church of Canada, from the Maritime Provinces to Sichuan, China, 1833-1952." M.A., Saint Mary's University, Canada, 1994.

Spivak, Gayatri. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" (1988).

Stone, Frank A. "Mt. Holyoke's Impact on the Land of Mt. Ararat." Muslim World, 66, no. 1 (1976): 44-57.

Sweet, Leonard I. "The Female Seminary Movement and Woman's Mission in Antebellum America." Church History, 54 (1985): 41-55.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn, Sharon Harley, and Andrea Benton Rushing, eds. Women in Africa and the African Diaspora. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1987.

Thomas, Mary Martha. Stepping Out of the Shadows: Alabama Women, 1819-1990. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1995.

Thorne, Susan. Congregational Missions and the Making of an Imperial Culture in Nineteenth-Century England. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Tipton, Mary Daly. "A Coherent Vision: Mary Lyon, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary and the American Foreign Missions Movement." M.A. thesis, Colgate Rochester Divinity School, 1987.

Tocco, Martha Caroline. "School Bound: Women's Higher Education in Nineteenth-Century Japan." Ph.D. diss., Stanford University, 1995.

Travis, Lisa Jacqueline. " In American Indian Missions, 1810--1860." M.A. thesis, The University of Texas - Pan American, 2000.

Tseng, Timothy. "Ministry at Arms' Length: Asian Americans in the Racial Ideology of American Mainline Protestants, 1882-1852." Ph.D. diss., Union Theological Seminary, 1994.

Tsumura, Yuichi, and Ei Tsumura. Shin kami wa ikiteiru. Osaka: Saisei Dendojo, 1981.

Tucker, Ruth. Guardians of the Great Commission: The Story of Women in Modern Missions. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Academie Books, 1988.

Tucker, Sara Waitstill. "The Canton Hospital and Medicine in Nineteenth Century China." Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1983.

Tyrrell, Ian. Woman's World/Woman's Empire: The Woman's Christian Temperance Union in International Perspective, 1880-1930. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

Underhill, Alexandra Monique. "Perfect Freedom: The Changing Perceptions of Self, Service and Satisfaction among Protestant Episcopal Women Missionaries in Alaska, 1894 to 1929." M.A. thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1985.

Varian, Anne Sargus. "Isabella Thoburn (1840-1901), Missionary and Educator: A Voice of Change (India)." Ph.D. diss., University of Akron, 1999.

Vaughn, Carol Ann. "'Living in the Lives of Men': A Southern Baptist Woman's Missionary Journey from Alabama to Shandong, 1830-1909." Auburn University, 1998.

Vickery, Bess P. Mount Holyoke Courageous: A Call to the Near East. New York: Carlton Press Corp., 1994.

Viswanathan, Gauri. Outside the Fold: Conversion, Modernity, and Belief. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Waelchi, Mary Jo. "Abundant Life: Matilda Thurston, Wu Yifang and Ginling College,1915--1951 (China)." Ph.D. diss., Ohio State University, 2002.

Walker, Julie Aynna. "'Death of Self' or Reconstruction of Self?: Presbyterian Women Missionaries in New Mexco, 1880-1900." M.A. thesis, Arizona State University, 1996.

Ward, Vicki Lynn. "The Role of the Single Woman Career Music Missionary in Southern Baptist Foreign Missions." M.C.M. thesis, New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, 1984.

Webb, Margaret E. "The Education of Ruth Jenkins, a Canadian Missionary in China, 1920-1927." Ph.D. diss., Syracuse University, 1996.

Welter, Barbara. "She Hath Done What She Could: Protestant Women's Missionary Careers in Nineteenth-Century America." American Quarterly, 30, no. 5 (1978): 624-38.

Wexler, Laura. Tender Violence: Domestic Visions in an Age of U.S. Imperialism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

White, Ann. "Counting the Cost of Faith: America's Early Female Missionaries." Church History, 57, no. 1 (1988): 19-30.

Whiteley, Marilyn Fardig. The Life and Letters of Annie Leake Tuttle: Working for the Best. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University, 1999.

Wiebe, Helena. "Toward a Complementary Ministry: Women and Men as Full Partners in Christian Mission." M.A. thesis, Fuller Theological Seminary, 1981.

Wilkins, Martha Huddleston. "Education for Freedom: The Noble Experiment of Sarah A. Dickey and the Mount Hermon Seminary." Ph.D. diss., University of Mississippi, 1987.

Wilser, Marjorie Shell. "Living Sacrifices: Women Missionaries' Personal Writings, 1812-1860." M.A., San Jose State University, 1997.

Windus, Anne Kay. "The Roles and Identity of Missionary Women: A Pilot Study." Ph.D. diss., Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1999.

Wollons, Roberta. "The Black Forest in a Bamboo Garden: Missionary Kindergartens in Japan, 1868-1912." History of Education Quarterly, 33, no. 1 (1993): 1-36.

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Wright, Mary C. "The Circle, Broken: Gender, Family, and Difference in the Pacific Northwest, 1811-1850." Ph.D. diss., Rutgers University, 1996.

Xi, Lian. The Conversion of Missionaries: Liberalism in American Protestant Missions in China, 1907-1932. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Yasutake, Rumi. "Transnational Women's Activism: The Woman's Christian Temperance Union in Japan and Beyond, 1858-1920." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.

Yazawa-Kohiyama, Rui. Amerika Fujin Senkyoshi: Rainichi no Haikei to Sono Eikyo (As Our God Alone Will Lead Us: The 19th-Century American Women's Foreign Mission Enterprise and its Encounter with Meiji Japan). Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1992.

Yi, So-dam. I saengmyong oegil e kolgo: Yi So-dam Sunhoesa chungonjip. Seoul: Songhwasa, 1990.

Yohn, Susan M. A Contest of Faiths: Missionary Women and Pluralism in the American Southwest. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Yu, Chon-gyu. Hanul e somang ul parabomyo: Kim Yong-ja Changno iltaegi. Seoul: Syallom Ch'ulp'ansa, 1992.

Zaccarini, Maria Cristina. The Sino-American Friendship as Tradition and Challenge. Bethlehem, Penn.: Lehigh University Press, 2001.

Zwiep, Mary. Pilgrim Path: The First Company of Women Missionaries to Hawaii. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991.


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